This is one of the earliest written evidences for Baku.
During the 8th century Baku was the realm of the Shirvanshahs.
In the 1st century, the Romans organized two Caucasian campaigns and reached Baku.
Near the city, in Gobustan, Roman inscriptions dating from 84–96 AD were discovered.
The Inner City of Baku, along with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower, were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.
Traces of human settlement go back to the Stone age.After a devastating earthquake struck Shamakhy, the capital of Shirvan, Shirvanshah’s court moved to Baku in 1191.The Shirvan era greatly influenced Baku and the remainder of Azerbaijan.It hosted the 57th Eurovision Song Contest in 2012, the 2015 European Games, the 2016 European Grand Prix and will host the 4th Islamic Solidarity Games in 2017 and UEFA Euro 2020.The city is renowned for its harsh winds, which is reflected in its nickname, the "City of Winds".